PSALM for Each Day of the Week

Every day, when the Temple of God was standing in Jerusalem, the Levitical choir stood atop the platform located in the Court of the Women, where all public prayer and worship were conducted, and they sang the psalm of praise for that particular day. Every song was orchestrated by King David and had deep significance. The practice has been preserved in Judaism through the centuries and is continued to this day in private prayer and in synagogues.

It is a practice worth pursuing and a special means of helping to commit particular Psalms to memory.

DAILY PSALMS:

1. Sunday – Psalm 24
2. Monday – Psalm 48
3. Tuesday –  Psalm 82
4. Wednesday – Psalm 94
5. Thursday –  Psalm 81
6. Friday – Psalm 93
7. On Shabbat – Psalm 92, a song for the future, a perfected world “the day which is complete Shabbat tranquility,” forever.

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Yom Rishon – Day 1 – Sunday

PSALM  24 

A psalm of David.

The earth is the Lord’s and all it contains, the world and all who live in it.
For He founded it on the seas and established it on the streams.

Who may ascend the mountain of the Lord? Who may stand in His Holy Place?
He who has clean hands and a pure heart,
who has not taken My Name in vain or sworn deceitfully.
He shall receive a blessing from the Lord, and just reward from the God of his salvation.
This is a generation of those who seek Him,
the descendants of Jacob who seek Your Presence, Selah

Lift up your heads O gates; be lifted, eternal doors, so that the King of glory may enter.
Who is He the King of Glory? The Lord of hosts, He is the King of glory, Selah!

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Yom Sheni – Day 2 – Monday

PSALM  48

A song. A psalm of the sons of Korach.

Great is the Lord and greatly to be praised in the city of God, in His holy montain – beautiful in its heights,the joy of the whole earth, is Mount Zion on its northern side,
the City of the Great King.
In its citadels God is known as a stronghold.
See how the kings joined forces, advancing together.
They saw, they were astounded, they panicked, they fled.
There fear seized them, like the pains of a woman giving birth,
like ships of Tarshish wrecked by an eastern wind.
What we had heard, now we have seen, in the city of the God of hosts,
in the City of our God.
May God preserve it forever, Selah!

In the midst of Your Temple O God, we meditate on Your love.
As is Your Name, God, so is Your praise: it reaches to the end of the earth.
Your right hand is filled with righteousness.
Let Mount Zion rejoice, let the towns of Judah be glad, because of Your judgments.
Walk around Zion and encircle it. Count its towers, note its strong walls, view its citadels,
so that you may tell a future generation that this is God, our God, for ever and ever.
He will guide us forevermore.

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Yom Shlishi – Day 3 – Tuesday

PSALM  82

A psalm of Asaph.

God stands in the Divine assembly. Among the judges He delivers judgment.
How long will you judge unjustly, showing favor to th wicked? Selah.
Do justice to the weak and the orphaned. Vindicate the poor and destitute.
Rescue the weak and needy. Save them from the hand of the wicked.
They do not know nor do they understand.
They walk about in darkness while all the earth’s foundations shake.
I once said, “You are like gods, all of you are sons of the Most High.”
But you shall die like mere men, you will fall like any prince.

Arise O Lord, judge the earth. for all the nations are Your possession.

“A judge who delivers a true judgment becomes a partner of thre Most Holy One,
blessed be He, in the work of Creation.” (Shabbat 103)

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Yom Revi’i  – Day 4 – Wednesday

PSALM  94

God of retribution. Lord, God of retribution, appear!
Rise up, Judge of the earth. Repay to the arrogant what they deserve.
How long shall the wicked, Lord, how long shall the wicked triumph?
They pour out insolent words. All the evildoers are full of boasting.
They crush Your people, Lord, and oppress Your inheritance.
They kill the widow and stranger. They murder the orphaned.
They say, “The Lord does not see. The God of Jacob pays no heed.”
Take heed, you most brutish people. You fools, when will you grow wise?
Will He who implants the ear not hear? Will He who formed the eye not see?
Will He who disciplines nations – He who teaches man knowledge – not punish?

The Lord knows that the thoughts of man are a mere fleeting breath.
Happy is the man who You discipline, Lord, the one You instruct in Your Torah,
giving him tranquillity in days of trouble, until a pit is dug for the wicked.
For the Lord will not forsake His people, nor abandon His heritage.
Judgment shall again accord with justice, and all the upright in heart will follow it.

Who will rise up for me against the wicked? Who will stand up for me against wrongdoers?
Had the Lord not been my help, I would soon have dwelt in death’s silence.
When I thought my foot was slipping, Your loving-kindness Lord gave me support.
When I was filled with anxiety, Your consolations soothed my soul.
Can a corrupt throne be allied with You? Can injustice be framed into law?
They join forces against the life of the righteous, and condemn the innocent to death.
But the Lord is my stronghold, my God is the Rock of my refuge.
He will bring back on them their wickedness, and destroy them for their evil deeds.
The Lord our God will destroy them.

Come let us sing for joy to the Lord, let us shout aloud to the God of our Salvation.
Let us greet Him with songs of praise.
For the Lord is the great God, the King great above all powers.

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Yom Chamishi – Day 5 – Thursday

PSALM  81

For the conductor of music. On the Gittit. By Asaph.

Sing for joy to God our strength.
Raise a song, beat the drum, play the sweet harp and lyre.
Sound the shofar on the New Moon, on our feast day when the moon is hidden.
For it  is a statute for Israel, an ordinance of the God of Jacob.
He established it as a testimony for Joseph when He went forth against the land of Egypt,
where I heard a language that I did not know.
I relieved his shoulder of the burden. His hands were freed from the builder’s basket.
In distress you called and I rescued you.
I answered you from the secret place of thunder, I tested you at the waters of Meribah, Selah!

Hear My people and I will warn you. Israel, if you would only listen to Me!
Let there be no strange god among you. Do not bow down to an alien god.
I am the Lord your God who brought you out of the land of Egypt.
Open your mouth wide and I will fill it.
But My people would not listen to Me. Israel would have none of Me.
So I left them to their stubborn hearts, letting them follow their own devices.
If only My people would listen to Me, if Israel would walk in My ways,
I would  subdue their enemies, and turn My hand against their foes.
Those who hate the Lord would cower before Him and their doom would last forever.
He would feed Israel with the finest wheat – with honey from the rock I would satisfy you.

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Yom Shishi – Day 6 – Friday

PSALM  93

The Lord reigns.
He is robed in majesty. The Lord is robed, girded with strength.
The world is firmly established; it cannot be moved.
Your throne stands firm as of old; You are eternal.
Rivers lift up, Lord, rivers lift up their voice, rivers lift up their crashing waves.
Mightier than the noise of many waters, than the mighty waves of the sea,
is the Lord on high.
Your testimonies are very sure;
holiness adorns Your house, Lord, for evermore.

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Yom Shabbat – Day 7 – Saturday/ Sabbath

PSALM  92

A psalm. A song for the Sabbath day.

It is good to thank the Lord and to sing psalms to Your Name, Most High –
to tell of Your loving-kindness in the morning and Your faithfulness at night,
to the music of the ten-stringed lyre and the melody of the harp.
For You have made me rejoice by Your work, O Lord;
I sing for joy at the deeds of Your hands.

How great are Your deeds O Lord, and how very deep Your thoughts.
A boor cannot know, nor can a fool understand,
that though the wicked spring up like grass and all evildoers flourish,
it is only that they may be destroyed forever.
But You, Lord, are eternally exalted.

For behold Your enemies, Lord, Your enemies will perish; all evildoers will be scattered.
You have raised my pride like that of a wild ox; I am annointed with fresh oil.
My eyes shall look with triumph on my adversaries,
my ears shall hear the downfall of the wicked who rise against me.
The righteous will flourish like a palm tree and grow tall like a cedar in Lebanon.
Planted in the Lord’s House, blossoming on our God’s courtyards,
they will still bear fruit in old age, and stay vigorous and fresh,
proclaiming that the Lord is upright:
He is my Rock in whom there is no wrong.

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May the Lord’s Name be blessed, now and forever.
From the rising of the sun to its setting, may the Lord’s Name be praised.

Tehillim – PSALMS – A Reflection

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Since the time of the Holy Temple in Jerusalem, the Psalms have been an inspiration and a source of delight and comfort, as well as a spiritual challenge, to all who read them. The great central subjects of the Book of Psalms are God, Man, Sin and Revelation.

All, however, are centred on the praises of God in His transcendence as well as His imminence. The Almighty who is seated in glorious radiance upon His heavenly throne and surrounded by angelic hosts who constantly worship and sing, “Holy, Holy, Holy!”, is the God who also dwells with the humble of spirit, is the provider of all needs, the protector of the weak, and who is faithful to answer ‘all who call upon Him in truth’ (Psalm 145:18).

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The Hebrew name for the Book of Psalms is Sefer Tehillim. Tehillah means praise, so it also can be called the Book of Praises. The Aramaic term is zimra, from which we derive the term zemirot – special songs sung on Shabbat. In the Septuagint, the term was translated into Greek as psalmos – hence, the English word psalms. Both in Hebrew and Greek the term essentially means to play instrumental music and to sing to musical accompaniment. The majority of Psalms were composed to be sung by the choir of Levites and the  assembly of worshippers in the Temple in Jerusalem. They were an important feature of Temple liturgy and specific psalms were associated with each day of the week and with each of the Festivals.

According to the subject matter, the Psalms can be categorized under three main headings:  1. Praise  2. Supplication  3. Ethics

1. PRAISE   Themes of praise predominate the Psalms, such as:

i) extolling God for His goodness and His mercy that is faithfully extended to Israel, to the nations, and to all His creatures
ii) His vindication of the righteous and of the weak and vulnerable when persecuted or taken advantage of by the wicked
iii) His majesty and might as Creator and Ruler of all the Universe and mankind
iv) His selection and annointing of David and his line to be enthroned in Israel
v) praise of Zion and Jerusalem, chosen by God as His dwelling place on earth
vi) praise of the Torah, which contains and is the foundation of His revealed will and
vii) the Messianic hope, which heralds the advent of the King of kings to judge the world and which will result in universal rejoicing when the knowledge of God fills all the earth.

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2. SUPPLICATION

Numerous psalms express both individual suffering and the suffering of Israel as a people. In accord with the concept that certain personal suffering and national calamity can be related to sin, earnest repentance and pleas for pardon are recorded. Supplications for relief from distress and easing of pain also are raised before the Throne of grace.

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3. ETHICS

More than the beautiful musical and literary compositions that they are, many psalms also are of a didactic, or instructive nature.  They address:
i) the moral and ethical way of living
ii) remaining faithful to God’s values in an ungodly culture or under oppression
iii) the doubts created in the face of the triumph of evildoers
iv) the personal struggle to gain mastery over temptation to sin and
v) victory over despair through unwavering faith in the goodness and love of God.

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The value of song and the importance and art of songwriting, which includes poetry, is central to Biblical literature and Jewish culture.
Examples in Scripture are: the Song at the Red Sea (Exodus 15), the Song of Deborah (Judges 5), David’s lament over the death of Saul and Jonathan (1 Samuel 1:19), Jude 24-25, and Revelation 11:15-18.

“Come bless the Lord, all you servants of the Lord, who stand by night in the House of the Lord. Lift up your hands to the Holy Place and bless the Lord!

May the Lord bless you from Zion , He who made heaven and earth.”

~Psalm 134

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“Let the Word [Torah, example, hope] of Messiah dwell in you richly, teaching and admonishing one another in all wisdom, singing psalms and hymns and spiritual songs, with thankfulness in your hearts to God” (Col. 3:16).

~Keren Hannah