PASSOVER – The Clash of Cultures


The story of Passover, which recounts the Exodus of the Israelite slaves from Egypt, offers the opportunity to relive the struggle between two opposing perspectives of reality – that of the Egyptian empire on the one hand and that of the Hebrews, the descendants of Abraham, Isaac and Jacob, on the other.

Egypt, at the time of the Exodus, ruled the world with its advanced science, strong system of religion, and mighty army. Weaker nations and cultures were swallowed up and subjugated. This historic form of slavery effectively silenced any voice that spoke in opposition to the prevailing and powerful Egyptian reality. Then God did the unexpected. He broke in and interfered with the laws of nature and history. A humble shepherd, born to the family of Israel yet raised in the Egyptian palace, walked into Pharaoh’s court carrying the rod of authority of the One true God of Israel and history changed

* * *

As the Exodus account unfolds we see that Pharaoh, the god-king of Egypt, refuses to heed Moses’ directive from God, “Let My people go, that they might worship Me.” 
In so doing, Pharaoh not only is denying the freedom of the Hebrew slaves, he also is rejecting the historical reality they represent – a process of Redemption, set in place and being evolved by the God of all Creation. The Almighty is working out His vision and goal for this world and is not limited by the natural laws that He established. He can choose to “pass over” the set, natural order of things.

Despite the succession of plagues that befall the Egyptians, Pharaoh stubbornly refuses to relent and God declares:

“I will pass through Egypt on that night, and I will smite all the firstborn in the land of Egypt, man and beast. And against all the gods of Egypt I will execute judgment. I am God!” (Exo. 12:12)

“That night” becomes the turning point of the narrative of history. The Israelites are prepared, the chosen and set apart lamb is slain, the blood is applied to the doorposts of their homes, and the meal with matza is eaten. As God passes through He sees the blood and “passes over” their homes, while He visits death upon the Egyptians. A breach is opened and the slaves are ready to pour through into freedom from Pharaoh’s bondage.


The constant remembrance of the Exodus is commanded by the Lord through Moses: “Remember this day, in which you came out from Egypt, out of the house of bondage, for by strength of hand the Lord brought you out from this place…”  The Haggadah, the story of the Exodus read at the annual Passover Seder meal, recounts:

“… in every generation a person is obligated to consider themselves as if they themselves had gone out of Egypt this very day.”

In addition to this vivid annual reminder, observant Jews recite the Shema twice daily, during the morning and evening prayers, which includes the pronouncement:
“I am the Lord, your God, Who has removed you from the land of Egypt to be a God to you. I am the Lord, your God…”  This is followed by the declaration:

“The Helper of our forefathers are You alone, forever, Shield and Saviour… From Egypt you redeemed us, O Lord, our God, and from the house of slavery you liberated us.”

                            (Exo. 13:3; also Num. 9:1-3, Deut. 7:18-19)

Why the necessity to remember the Exodus daily? The Hebrew word for Egypt, Mitzrayim, which means limitations or boundries, is derived from the root tzarrar (tzaddi, resh, resh) that means: shut in, restrain, limit, border. Other words from this root are metzar, meaning: distress, confined place,  tzar (narrow) and tzarah (sorrow, anguish). The scroll of Jonah describes his entrapment in the dark depths of the belly of the big fish and how: “In my distress (mitzara) I called to the Lord.” In Psalm 118:5, King David writes:

“From my distress (metzar) I called upon the Lord; the Lord answered me and set me in a free, wide place.”


In this regard, we can appreciate Victor Frankl’s description in Man’s Search for Meaning of his liberation from a Nazi concentration camp. He relates how a few days after the liberation (while the inmates were awaiting transportation) he found the courage to leave the confines of the camp and he walked for miles and miles. There was no one in sight – just wide-open spaces of earth and sky. Suddenly he stopped, looked up, and fell to his knees. He recalls how he had only one sentence in mind, which he repeated over and over:

“I called to the Lord from my narrow prison and He answered me in the freedom of space.”

* * *

The same mighty God who delivered and redeemed us from Egypt is able to daily deliver and redeem us from our distresses!. Each one can be brought from the present Mitzrayim – the idol-worshipping, enslaving culture of death that surrounds and attempts to subjugate us – into the freedom of glorious eternal life intended by our Creator. We are invited out of the darkness into the light of the Kingdom of God and the embrace of its culture of life.

As we grow in knowledge of our Father and our King, so our trust and confidence grows and we can more effectively work with Him in not staying trapped in our bondages, our mitzarim. In the strength of the Lord, and by the Spirit of holiness God gives us, we are enabled to break through imposed boundaries and natural limitations. Our lives then can reflect in greater measure the truths of His Kingdom and we can more clearly see all through His perspective of reality.

Passover teaches us that Redemption is not a ‘one time’ event but an ongoing process, both on the national, historical level and in our personal, individual lives. To those whom His hand ‘passes over’ His steadfast love is new every morning, and we can say every day:

“I thank You Lord that You have answered me and have become my Salvation… This is the day the Lord has made, let us rejoice and be glad in Him! (Psalms 118:21, 23)


~ Keren Hannah


 ‘Family Passover Seder’    Lynn Feldman  
Mixed Media Applique

Passover 2 - 2



PESACH and TIKKUN OLAM – Healing of the World Begins with Healing of Ourselves


The goal of all efforts is to bring about the restitution
of the unity of God and the world.
The restoration of unity is a constant process and its accomplishment will be the
essence of Messianic Redemption.

~ Abraham Joshua Heschel

When we are redeemed by the grace of God from slavery to the Pharaohs of the world, and choose to worship God and to walk in His ways, our individual journey through life becomes a constant effort to align our wills with our Creator’s. The challenge we face is to subdue our natural urges and often negative inclinations in order to meld our character in harmony with His and to better reflect the beauty of His image in which we were created. 

The four basic negative traits that played a key role in the Fall of the first Adam, as described by Israeli Rabbi, Ezra Jacobs, are:

1. ta’avah, passion (the desire for pleasure)
2. kavod, honor-seeking (the desire for power and control)
3. kinah, jealousy (covetousness, or resentment of another; the basis for murder)
4. sinat chinam, baseless hatred (that results in lashon ha’ra – evil speech)

When the first Adam sinned by eating from the Tree of Knowledge of good and evil, both the physical and spiritual worlds were affected and underwent fundamental damage and changes. For Adam and Eve, their wondrous relationship with God, as well as the wholeness of body, soul and spirit they had enjoyed, was tragically shattered and broken. Ever since, the desire of both our Father in Heaven and of mankind has been to restore the relationship and to heal what was broken. In Jewish thought and expression, the aim and effort to do this is termed tikkun olam – the healing, or rectification, of the world (including man himself).

The face (panim in Hebrew) reflects man’s internal world, and the head [ rosh – meaning ‘first’] is considered to be the king [the ruling factor] over his entire personality.*

The four primary senses are expressed in a person’s face. The eyes – sight, the ears – hearing, the nose – smell, the mouth – taste and speech. These important faculties play a role in the healing of the four negative traits of brokenness listed above. How so?

  1. Ta’avah pertains to raw, unregulated passion that results in immorality. In the Garden of Eden the snake lured Eve with the promise that if she ate of the fruit, “Then your eyes will be opened” (Genesis 3:5-6). She was tempted by the desire to see and know more. The fire of passion is not a bad thing in and of itself and it can be healed by its transformation into something spiritual and beautiful. To accomplish this, the eyes need to be directed to the truth and beauty of the Torah – the teachings of the Word of God – whereby the mind will gain wisdom (chochma). This is connected to the right brain and the intellect, which is associated with the masculine personality. In general, men tend to find greater temptation by way of their eyes.
    As the saying goes, “The eyes are the window of the soul.” When the soul is filled with the truth and wisdom of God the eyes will shine His warm and welcoming light.

2.  Kavod pertains to one’s ego and results in idolatry. The  pride and honor-seeking of the ego needs to be broken down and rectified by the trait of humility (anavah), which is a component of love (ahavah). The ears play a role in this because their function is to hear. To truly listen and to hear the ‘heart’ of the other, whether it be a fellow human being, one’s spouse, or God Himself, needs the care and sensitivity afforded by humility. This quality is connected to the left-brain, which is the seat, as it were, of the heart and emotions and is associated with the feminine personality. The true hearing of the ears results in the gaining of binah, deeper heartfelt understanding. 

3. Kinah pertains to the negative trait of jealousy that breeds anger and ultimately leads to murder. The first example of this was Cain and Abel. The structure  of the nose, with two nostrils encased in one organ reflects the balance and unity there should be between the right and left brain, the mind and the heart, the masculine and feminine, man and God. Physiologically, it is compared to the head and the spinal column. When the wisdom of the mind and the understanding of the heart are in harmony, one gains da’at – intimate knowledge and perception – that results in the true performance of God’s will. One is able to do the commandments/mitzvot in loving obedience and to consistently hurry to carry out physical deeds of kindness. 

4. Sinat chinam pertains to baseless hatred that leads to lashon ha’ra – the evil speech of slander, lies, gossip, and mockery and belittling of others. The snake in the Garden, in effect, slandered God by intimating, “Did God really say…?” and planted doubt as to God’s character in Eve’s mind. The harmony of will between man and God was torn apart as a result. The healing of this disconnect lies in the mouth with its faculty of speech – the physical gift that sets man apart from the animals and enables relationship with others and with God.
The mouth is connected with keter (crown) – the head of a person, which represents his or her all-encompassing will and being, and which enables a person to make decisions and to express thoughts in speech. Using this gift for evil is considered one of the greatest sins and the healing of it requires the mercy, grace and redemption of God. Which fact links together with the celebration of Pesach, Passover, and needs a separate paragraph in order to explore the concept! 



Two years ago, in September 2020, the Hebrew year 5780 began. In Hebrew it is written as tav-shin-peh (תשפ) as peh has the numerical value of 80. In Hebrew peh is the word for mouth. The decade will continue until 5790. We may conclude, therefore, that a major focus of the decade is on the mouth. God is saying it’s time to be still and know that HE is God!  

PESACH – the very name connects it with the mouth. Peh is ‘mouth’ and sach is ‘speaks’. The mouth speaks! Before the redemption from Egypt the people of Israel suffered slavery and the complete annihilation of their individuality,  the subjugation of their will and they lost the freedom to speak. Egypt was the national embodiment of the Snake in Eden, even displayed in Pharaoh’s head dress, and it literally robbed, crushed and destroyed the lives and will of the Israelites. Only then were they rebuilt into a new and united nation set apart unto God. Paradoxically, Egypt was the volatile womb that gave birth to the nation of Israel. Through their common experience of suffering, they could build on a foundation of genuine love and empathy with one another. To this day we are exhorted, “Remember that you were slaves in Egypt.” Never dishonor or dehumanize another human being by forgetting to honor the image of God in which they are created.

In Egypt, the Hebrews witnessed the Ten Plagues, which, as they would realize at Mount Sinai, corresponded with the Ten Words He spoke and to the Ten Sayings He used at Creation to create the world. These, together with His miracles of redemption and provision, demonstrated without a doubt His existence, power and sovereignty over all creation. Now, the people of Israel were ready to be His witnesses, a light to the nations, and to express the reality of His Presence in the physical world by simply fulfilling His will, now delineated for them in His Torah given to Moses.



Hatred and lashon ha’ra (bad or evil talk), we may understand, are healed by the full acceptance and expression of God’s will in the world. Sadly, we know from history that the lesson was not fully learned by Israel and the Second Temple was destroyed due to sinat chinam, baseless hatred. Rome literally plowed under the City of God, Jerusalem, and the majority of the Jewish People were scattered to the four corners of the earth. The Sages believe that the full healing of the mouth will occur at the Final Redemption. Pesach relives the Exodus from Egypt and the first redemption and Sukkot will celebrate the final redemption, which will be permanent and eternal. 

As we are approaching the culmination of history and the fulfilment of God’s plan of Redemption it is no wonder the emphasis is on how we speak and the words we are proclaiming. The restoration of the mouth as a wellspring, speaking only words of prayer, goodness, praise, encouragement and goodwill, can happen with those who are surrendered to the love and will of God.

We now are eagerly awaiting the arrival of  Mashiach ben David as King of kings, to usher in the Final Redemption and to reign from Jerusalem over His Father’s Kingdom on earth. Then all God’s people will be fully restored and Jerusalem will be established on a solid foundation of Peace.  

“May the Lord give strength to his people!
May the Lord bless his people with peace!”**

 The exhortation, ” Pray for the Peace of Jerusalem” is, at heart, a prayer for the restoration of the unity and wholeness of the nation of Israel and for all the people of God to be healed and restored and established on the bedrock of His chesed, lovingkindness, and His perfect justice.


May it be soon and in our time!

~ Keren Hannah 


* Rabbi Ezra Jacobs, Coming Full Circle, 251

** Psalm 29:11

HOPE and HARPS – The Promise

HOPE – Tikvah


The greatest miracle of history in our times, in all likelihood, is the restoration of God’s Promised Land to His people, the descendents of Abraham, Isaac and Jacob. The implications of that miracle, while rousing considerable and violent animosity in the enemies of the God of Israel, should stir great faith and hope in those who believe in the Bible and the promises of God. Faith in His Word and hope for the future are inextricably linked, as we see illustrated in the powerful “faith chapter” in the book of Hebrews:

“By faith Sarah herself received power to conceive, even when she was past the age, since she considered Him faithful who had promised. Therefore from one man, and him as good as dead, were born descendants as many as the stars of heaven and as the innumerable grains of sand by the seashore. These all died in faith, not having received what was promised, but having seen it and greeted it from afar…” (v. 11:11-14).

“By faith Joseph, at the end of his life, made mention of the exodus of the Israelites and gave directions concerning his burial” (11:22). Joseph had received the revelation and promise that his people would return and he trusted the hope that eventually he would be buried in his homeland.

The chapter continues to enumerate great exploits performed in faith by the people of God. Many were victorious and overcame great odds but some endured suffering and trial and did not see earthly success. All, however, persisted because they had hope in the One who promised and they all were secure in the knowledge that the true and lasting reward awaited in the eternal Kingdom of God.

In his very relevant book Future Tense, Jonathan Sacks, former Chief Rabbi of England, quotes economist Alan Greenspan’s observation that we are entering an age of turbulence, which can engender fear. However, as Rabbi Sacks describes, “The antidote to fear is faith, a faith that knows the dangers but never loses hope.”* He connects this hope to the Jewish people and says: “The Jewish people are ancient but still young; a suffering people still suffused with moral energy; a people who have known the worst fate can throw at them, and can still rejoice. They remain a living symbol of hope.” Significantly, the stirring and beautiful national anthem of Israel is simply entitled HaTikvah, “The Hope.”



In Jewish literature, the nation and people of Israel are compared to the moon, which continually wanes then waxes full. Forces of hate throughout history have conspired to obliterate Israel and she seems to fade from sight, but then, according to the Almighty’s will and design, she proceeds to grow strong and bright once more until the Day that she will remain forever radiant in all her fullness. This truth can be applied on a personal level in the life of each child of God. The greatest aim of the enemy of God and His people, the enemy of our souls, is to rob one of hope. To be rendered ‘hopeless’ can be likened to being ‘lifeless’. There is indeed truth in the axiom, “Where there is life there is hope” and vice versa.

Central aims of the perpetrators of terror and violence in the world today are to instill fear and to extinguish hope. We know, however, that the One who promised is faithful; He who said, “I know the plans I have for you… plans for good and not for evil, to give you a future and a hope” (Jeremiah 29:11). God’s love and truth cast out all fear.

It is through our trials and challenges that we are strengthened and grow in character. In turn, this growth strengthens our resolve and our hope. As Paul writes:
“More than that, we rejoice in our sufferings, knowing that suffering produces endurance, and endurance produces character, and character produces hope, and hope does not disappoint us, because God’s love has been poured into our hearts through the Ruach HaKodesh – the Holy Spirit of Messiah – which has been given to us” (Romans 5:3-5).

Yes, our heart is glad in Him,
because we trust in his holy Name.
Let Thy steadfast love, O Lord, be upon us,
even as we hope in Thee.
(Psalm 33:22-23)

Dear brothers and sisters, “May the God of hope fill you with all joy and peace in believing, so that by the power of the Ruach HaKodesh you may abound in hope.” (Romans 15:13)


King David is described as “the sweet singer of Israel.” [3] No doubt, when he was a boy guarding his father’s sheep, he would play the shepherd’s harp and also a simple, melodious flute. When David was a young man in the court of Saul, the first king of Israel, the Scriptures relate that he would be summoned to play his harp and sing to Saul whenever the king was troubled by an evil spirit. The music would soothe and bring healing to Saul’s troubled soul.

Irish author and poet, John O’Donohue (obm), gives testimony to the healing qualities of music:

I have a friend who is a music therapist. I have seen her work with a man who had had a stroke; he could no longer speak. I saw her in her last session with him where she sang and played in an attentive and accompanying improvised style. …He began to hum the music with her and ended up actually speaking. It was such a touching experience to see this person unexpectedly freed. Music is often the only language which can find those banished to the nameless interior of illness. [4]




When the prophet Samuel anointed David as God’s chosen king, we are told that “the Spirit of God came upon David from that day onwards” (1 Samuel 16:13). We may conclude, therefore, that the songs, the psalms of David, were written with Divine inspiration and can understand how they have the power to inspire and to heal to this very day. In a unique way the Psalms are, as it were, “harps of God” – God-given instruments that, if we but grasp them and give them voice, become His tools that have the power to cut through and render powerless the chains of the enemy that tie and bind and control.

Revelation means “to lift the veil” in order that we might see something that is already there. In the apostle John’s record of his revelation on the island of Patmos we again behold a sea and hear a song!

“And I saw what appeared to be a sea of glass mingled with fire.” On the shores of the sea stood those who had overcome the enemy, “… with harps of God in their hands. And they sing the song of Moses, the servant of God, and the song of the Lamb, saying, ‘Great and wonderful are thy deeds, O Lord God the Almighty!’” (Rev. 15:2-4).

The Hebrew letters of the word Mashiachmem-shin-yod-chet, can be rearranged to form the word yismach – to rejoice! The Song of Messiah is a full and glorious crescendo in the Symphony of God – the song that will burst forth at the Final Redemption, when all will be brought into one, whole, free and joyful Psalm of Praise!

Let the heavens be glad, and let the earth rejoice; let the sea roar, and all that fills it;
let the field exult, and everything in it!
Then shall all the trees sing for joy before the Lord, for he comes!
…He will judge the world with righteousness and the peoples with his truth.
The Lord reigns; let the earth rejoice; let the many coastlands be glad!
(Psalm 96:11-13; 97:1)



~Keren Hannah Pryor



1. Johnathan Sacks, Future Tense, Hodder & Stoughton, London, 2009, 10.
2. Tamid 3:8
3. 2 Samuel 23:11
4. John O’Donohue, Beauty – The Invisible Embrace, Harper-Collins, NY, 2004, 71.

Courage, Loving-kindness, and Truth – America?

When I see the drama unfolding around the election results in the USA my reaction is a mixture of disbelief, disgust and concern. Who would have thought that in a cultured, educated society, in a country that has become one of the greatest in history given its relatively short existence, one would witness the kind of behavior that is being exhibited by some of whose party lost the election?

Concern is understandable. ThIngs around us are changing at an unprecedented and rapid pace and there are many real issues that threaten to affect the norm and balance that we are accustomed to. Upheaval, terror, financial uncertainty, and more, are realities that suddenly are looming like dark clouds in our once clear, blue sky. People generally deeply dislike change; anything that rocks one’s comfortable boat. Rethinking, reevaluating, doing what in Hebrew is called cheshbon nefesh – an accounting of the soul, doesn’t come naturally, nor is it easy.

A story is told about William James, who was a Professor of Psychology at Harvard almost a century ago. At the end of one of James’s public lectures, a man from the audience approached him.

“Professor James,” the man began. “I was a student of yours ten years ago, and I heard you lecture on the exact same subject. But what you said tonight totally contradicted what you said then.”

“My good man,” James replied. “Do you think I’ve been standing still?”

Growing requires the courage to re-examine our assumptions and values, to admit that who we are today is not the best that we can be, and sometimes to expose ourselves to the challenge of reassessing and maybe even contradicting our own positions and tenets. As George Bernard Shaw said, “False consistency is the hobgoblin of little minds.” Perhaps a large portion of the American population has woken up to the fact that some radical change is needed in what has become the status quo and are ready to face the nitty-gritty of what is real, honest, and true, no matter the challenge that entails.

We always must continue to grow, change, and push ourselves to become a better person and to reflect a better image of God. In these difficult times, we can afford to be only one kind of person – the kind who is moving forward in courage, hope, and trust in the Creator of all whose character is chesed ve’emet – Lovingkindness and Truth. 


~ Keren Hannah



~Keren Hannah Pryor

In the ‘Ethics Now & Then‘ post of Avot 4:17,  Rabbi Shimon describes three ‘crowns’ one can acquire [in the Kingdom of God] – namely, those of Torah, priesthood and kingship. Rashi comments that, of the three, the Torah is the one openly available to all, for all can study God’s Word and learn and live thereby.

Immediately the subject of Torah is addressed, however, Christian defences rise up in certain quarters with the standard refrains, for example, of…”We are set free from the bondage of the Law!” “We are saved by grace alone.” “Jesus came to do away with the Law!” and the clincher: “The Torah/Law is only for the Jews!” (which, by the way, can carry the sorry implication: ‘Poor suckers, even if they have been “saved,” they have to do it all or die! Not like we Gentile believers who have all our sins automatically forgiven and can do as we please.’ That doesn’t quite ‘gel’.)

In the Ethics Now & Then post, I comment on how, in speaking a blessing toward or over another, we virtually are placing a beautiful ‘crown of words’ on their head. Each time we bless our Father God, for example, and thank Him for His provision of food to eat, or for the new day and the potential it holds, or for bringing us safely to a particular season, we are presenting Him with a crown of blessing. When we praise and thank God for sending His Salvation for the world in Messiah Yeshua, and for his faithfulness unto death and his exaltation to the right hand of the Throne of God, where he now intercedes for us as our High Priest and prepares to return as the Lion of the tribe of Judah to rule and reign as Mashiach ben David, Messiah the son of David, we are indeed ‘casting many crowns’!

An interesting thought struck me in pondering the Torah as a crown… in considering it as a blessing and not a bondage. This is the crown of blessings – His eternal Word – that He spoke over and presented to His people at Sinai; a crown representing His Kingship. It is a mark of His ownership to receive and wear proudly – and not to consider as a shackle to be cast aside in the name of ‘freedom’.


Picture: John and Lucy Talbot


“Build it and He will come.”

Rabbi David Foreman expresses a concept, quoted here, which I find a refreshing challenge of the traditional “Law as bondage” opinion.

“I think the Torah conceptualizes our purpose here in the world not so much in terms of “being nice to everyone” or even as “doing God’s Will”, but in somewhat different terms entirely. I think the Torah thinks of it in terms of making a place in your world for someone you love.”

As in the blueprints given for the Mishkan (Tabernacle) and Beit HaMikdash ( the Holy House of the Temple) – we live and build our lives with reference to His Word and as we build it He comes and dwells in us.


Skip Moen, in ‘It’s Not All Grace‘ on his blog, offers a happy thought!

“The Torah/Law is a contract for enjoying life, not a set of rules for controlling behavior. That is why God can expect His children to keep His commandments, joyfully! Is the Law [Torah – teaching of God] for me? You bet!  God asks me to observe it, empowers me to observe it and delights in me when I observe it. Keeping the Law because I am devoted to Him is my way of saying, “Thank You, Father, for rescuing me.”

I keep it because I love Him. It is not a [heavy and burdensome] yoke around my neck.
It is liberty in my heart.”




King David in all his songs of the Psalms certainly sees the Torah, the Word and wisdom of the God of Israel, as his joy and delight – as a Tree of Life to desire and cling to – and as his soul’s  Source of Living Water.  The question arises then, why do those who have found the gracious gift of Salvation in Jesus, who was sent by God that all nations might be saved from idolatry and come into relationship with and knowledge of the God of Abraham, Isaac and Jacob, disregard the very Word that Yeshua enfleshed and that bears witness of himself and of his Father?

Our answers lead to further questions as to our identity as those in the Kingdom and family of God and how, depending on how we respond, this should then affect our daily lives. Can we ignore the will of our Father –  as inspired by the Ruach HaKodesh, the Spirit of Holiness, and set down in the Hebrew Scriptures – whose will Yeshua came to perform in his every word, thought and deed? As Yeshua himself said: “If anyone loves me, he will keep my word, and my Father will love him, and we will come to him and make our home with him. Whoever does not love me does not keep my words. And the word that you hear is not mine but the Father’s who sent me” (Jn 14:23-24). God does not change and He is not a man that He should lie; as is written, His Word stands forever.

Tough stuff… but vitally important to think upon.




Teshuvah [te’shoo’vah]  – generally translated in English as ‘repentance’ – derives from the Hebrew root shuv, which means to return; to retore something to its rightful place.


Our Father-Creator calls to all His children who wander in the darkness and emptiness of the world’s brokenness, with its facade of materialism, humanism, glitter and bright neon lights, to return to Him; to discover and express one’s true being and to live the life for which He created us.

When we forget who we are, or maybe never have been taught, and neglect the inner life of our soul, we are left with doubt, confusion and darkness of understanding that result in waves of bitterness and pain. Our spirits long to be set free in order to become who we truly were created to be. When our hearts longingly turn to God, immediately the light of teshuvah shines in our souls and the darkness is joyfully illuminated.

In his profound work, Orot HaTeshuvah ( Lights of Repentance), Rav Avraham Yitzchak HaKohen Kook teaches that the deep spiritual gloom of worldly existence is due to its failure to align itself with the light of teshuvah. He writes:

“What is the source of the anger of the wicked?
What is the meaning of their rage against the entire world?
What is the basis for their bitter depression, which consumes their spirit and flesh,
and poisons their experience of life?
…Those people who are righteous, who are people of goodness and of kindness,
people who possess gladness of life,
call out to the wicked, who are wretched:
“Come and live; return!” *

Teshuvah restores man to a state of true well-being and joy. Rav Kook, or simply HaRav, – the Rav, as he is affectionately referred to, describes it as “…the healthiest feeling of the spirit.” He lived in Eretz Yisrael from 1906 to the year of his death,1935, and served as Chief Rabbi during pre-State years. He had a deep love for the Land and the people of Israel and was distressed at the spiritual darkness that had descended even among some religious groups. These often represented  repentance and a godly life as somber and joyless – a life of deprivation and legalistic bondage. To the contrary he proclaimed,

“Teshuvah does not come to embitter life but to sweeten it.”

He concludes Orot HaTeshuvah with a prayer and a petition that:

“…a singer of teshuvah will surely come for us who will be a sign of life, …a sign of the national soul [of the people of Israel] that is on the journey of Redemption.” **

In fact, today, many harpists and singers with a song of Redemption are being raised up in Eretz Israel and in the nations.


Harp sculpture and olive tree at Mamilla Mall steps 
outside Jaffa Gate entrance to the Old City of Jerusalem

HaRav summons all searching souls to listen to the “Whispers of Holy Existence”.

All existence whispers to me a secret
“I have a life to offer, take it, take it –
…If every gentle sound,
Every living beauty
Stir you not to a holy song,
But to some alien thought
Then leave me, leave. I am forbidden to you.”

A generation will yet arise
And sing to beauty and to life
And draw delight unending
From the dew of Heaven
And a people returned to life will hear
The wealth of Life’s secrets
From the vistas of the Carmel and the Sharon
And from the delight of song and life’s beauty
A holy light will abound
And all existence will whisper,
“My beloved, I am permitted to you.” ***



Young musician playing a song of praise
on Ben Yehudah Street in Jerusalem.

In our Father’s great grace, faithfulness and mercy, this generation could well be the generation who, with spirits yearning for the fullness of the light of truth and the reality of God’s Word and Presence, are finding the chords of David’s harp and singing a new song. A song of teshuvah, a song of return to the Source of Light and Life in joy, restoration, hope and praise. A song that offers a healing of all that is broken and lost in the world of increasing evil and darkness.

Selah and Amen.


Singer of Teshuvah

When Messiah descended
He played a Shepherd’s harp
With strings of chesed ve’emet – lovingkindness and truth
A gentle song
Wooing, healing, restoring.
“I have not come to judge the world but to bring life.”
Life as a mustard seed
To be sown in all the nations
To grow like a tree
Which draws sap from its roots
And offers a home
A shelter to all
Who would gather in its branches
And find life in its fruit.


When Messiah descends once more
On clouds of glory, to Jerusalem
His Father’s dwelling place
He will play the King’s harp
As David his earthly ancestor did
First as a shepherd, then as a king
With strings of rulership, power and authority
A song of peace and justice and truth
To establish our Father’s Kingdom
In all its fullness and beauty
And all peoples and kings and nations
Will gather to their true Source
And find life in His Word
And delight in His Presence.

Selah and Amen


~Keren Hannah Pryor



Shepherd’s Harp

* Orot HaTeshuvah 8:4, quoted in the Introduction of the two-volume set ‘Song of Teshuvah‘ by Moshe Weinberger. 

** Ibid., 17:5  

*** Orot HaTeshuvah, Ohr Etzion edition, 157-158. English translation by Yaacov Dovid Shulman.

TORAH – the Bread of Life


In his unique teaching, my husband, Dwight A. Pryor (of blessed memory), always empasized the value and beauty of the Torah, as well as the relevance of the Torah for all believers in the God of Israel.  As he said: ”The more Torah, the more Life!”  and he wrote these words once…


“Give me Liberty or give me death”
“Give me Law (Torah) or give me death.”

I would like to add a perspective from my personal experience. Living in Israel for many years, and with my experience of things Jewish, it was a natural reaction for me, once I came to know Yeshua as Messiah, to study the Torah with the understanding that through its timeless words of truth I would come to a deeper knowledge of Yeshua himself.

Before we continue, in regard to Yeshua and Torah, please consider which 2 answers to the question you think most closely represent your own perception.

How would you describe Yeshua’s relationship to Torah?

The first one I consider 100% false, and the second is suspect, but the ideas are worth keeping in mind for further consideration as we continue.

From a Jewish perspective, one of the passages of the Brit Chadasha, the NT, that impacted me and caused my eyes to open to the possibility of Yeshua’s identity as Messiah and Lord was the well-known beginning of the gospel of John (1:1-4),

“In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God.”

The Torah, or the first revelation of the Word of God in a communal form, was given by God at Sinai. John’s verses, supported by Genesis, tell us that a form of the Word was in existence at the very beginning of Creation.  This Word was with God so intimately that, in fact, it was part of God; just as the words you speak emanate from you and give a representation of who you are and what you are thinking. As God is perfect, the same yesterday, today and tomorrow – all truth, justice and love –  so will His Word be.

Verses 2 – 3 of John 1 read: “He was in the beginning with God; all things were made through him, and without him was not anything made that was made.”

Ahh, now we are told that the Word is a “he.” He has a personality – and is one who was an agent with God in the act of Creation. In Genesis we are told that God spoke all things into being. The Sages of Israel interpret this to mean that the very letters of the Hebrew Aleph-bet that God used to form the words of Creation carry God’s creative power. Regarding God’s Word that was an agent of Creation, verse 4 of John concludes:
“In him was life, and the life was the light of men.”  This ‘someone’, this Word, carried life – a life that would be light to mankind.  To my mind, these are all awesome concepts.

In accord with the Hebraic mindset, I already knew indisputably that:

1. The Torah is the foundation of the Word of God – given to us His people, as a revelation of Himself and His Kingdom, by God through Moses, at Mount Sinai.

2. The truth it contains is absolute, unchanging, unshakeable and eternal and it is Life to those who choose to take hold of it!

3. It is the record of God’s Wisdom and instruction to His people – and a guide as to the way we should live.

In a startling moment of revelation from the Father, which is another story, I understood that Yeshua was the Incarnation of that Word and had come to ‘tabernacle’ amongst us for the purpose of the Redemption of all the earth. Through further study of the Word, I came to understand more fully that Yeshua was indeed, as he claimed, the embodiment of  “…the way, and the truth, and the life.”  He came to demonstrate, illustrate and fill full of meaning the truth of God, for he was, as John describes, with God before the beginning and mysteriously and, in essence, he was one [of one mind and spirit] with God. Here we can remember that, as those created in His image, we too have the breath of His spirit within us. Our task, as demonstrated by Yeshua, is to become more “one” – more in harmony with, the Spirit of God ; and, in addition, through His Word, to become more of “one mind.”

Consider for a moment, in connection with that which sustains life, that the Torah also is referred to  as bread.

We all are familiar with the occasion of Yeshua’s temptation in the wilderness by Satan, when, after a forty day fast, Satan tempts him to show his supernatural power as Messiah and turn the stones into bread. Yeshua quotes Deuteronomy 8:3, “Man shall not live by bread alone, but by every word that proceeds from the mouth of God” (Matthew 4:4; quoting Deuteronomy 8:3).

As already mentioned: at Creation God spoke all things into being. This reality actually is illustrated in the first Hebrew word of Torah, B’reishit – meaning ‘In the beginning’… In fact, we can focus in on the very first letter of this first word –  Bet.

Hebrew letter ‘Bet’


First, notice the shape of the letter: closed on three sides and open on one side. Jewish commentary records, among other interpretations, that this teaches us that we should not be overly concerned with what is above us, in the heavens, or below us, in the netherworld – nor look back unduly at what is in the past behind us, but our focus should always be forward – pressing on in hope and faith according to the direction of the Word of God.

Secondly… the sages of Israel, as well as placing great value on the Hebrew letters of the Torah, say that there are important things to be learnt from even the gaps between words and the spaces around letters. So, let us consider the space around the letter bet… and… what do we find? A large invisible letter Peh!

 Hebrew letter ‘Peh’


The name of the letter, peh, is also the Hebrew word for mouth. So what we find is a large invisible mouth – which we can undertand to be the very mouth of God from which the Torah proceeds as His spoken word, and goes forth in all its creative power, carrying the breath of life and all wisdom and knowledge, from before the beginning of Creation until the present day… and will continue to go forward through all eternity. Baruch HaShem! Blessed be His Name.

Let us again consider that Word as the Bread of Life.  We find a description of the bread of God in John chapter 6, v.33:  Yeshua is saying, “For the bread of God is that which comes down from heaven…”  This is a reference to the manna that was miraculously provided to His people, the Israelites and which sustained them and gave them life during their long wilderness journey. Once they entered the Promised Land, to settle and live there, it stopped. However, the verse continues: “…and gives life to the world.” It appears it’s not only the Israelites but the whole world that God intends to receive life. In the next verse Yeshua makes the startling declaration: “I am the bread of life; he who comes to me shall not hunger, and he who believes in me shall never thirst.” He came, annointed of God, to bring spiritual sustenance to “whosoever” in the nations would come to him.

In its Jewish context this verse immediately brings to mind the bread and wine that are central elements of Shabbat and the Festivals. The main celebratory forms of bread are the beautiful challot of Shabbat and the unleavened, pierced matzah of Pesach, Passover; which also is called Lechem Ani – the bread of our affliction – as it is a reminder of the slavery and bondage of Egypt.



How wonderfully Yeshua fills this bread with added meaning: without yeast – sinless, and yet pierced, striped and bruised, and broken for us that we might be set free from the bondage of sin and the fear of death.

And the challah**

Sabbath How To 3 The fragrant, specially braided and delicious loaves that adorn our Shabbat tables – the Bread of our Fullness and Rest!  Since the destruction of the Second Temple in Jerusalem, one’s table in the home is now the altar, as it were, of the Mikdash Me’at – the small Sanctuary of one’s home, and the challah bread on Shabbat is a reminder of the perfect Showbread in the Holy Place.

I recently learned an interesting detail in connection with the Showbread [ Lechem Panim – Bread of the Face or Presence – because it stood for a week in the Presence of God ].
We need to bear in mind that whenever Yeshua was in Jerusalem he would daily teach and meet with his disciples and worship God in the Temple.  The inspiring structure of the Father’s Holy House was very present and real to them. And, undoubtedly, they were intimately familiar with all the rituals and their meanings.

Personally, I love the beautiful golden menorah in the Holy Place with its rich symbolism of the Word of God , likewise the adjacent Altar of Incense with its permeating fragrance. However, of the furniture of the Holy Place, the Table of Showbread is the first piece listed in both Exodus 35:3 and 40:22, which indicates its importance.

Two miracles are recorded regarding this special bread… firstly, it stayed fresh all week and each Shabbat, after they replaced the bread with new loaves, it was shared among the priests. The second miracle is that each priest only received a piece the size of a bean and yet it completely satisfied him. This struck me as a perfect illustration of how when we break bread together, as ‘priests in the kingdom of God,’ and share the Shabbat challah and the Passover matzah, we partake, symbolically, of Yeshua’s body as the Bread of Life that is saturated with the Presence of God – and how it fills and spiritually satisfies us.

To refer again to John 6:33: “For the bread of God is that which comes down from heaven, and gives life to the world”, and verse 34, “I am the bread of life; he who comes to me shall not hunger, and he who believes in me shall never thirst.” Yeshua was identifying Himself with the ‘bread that came down from Heaven/from God’ …the bread of His Word, the bread of life.  We may consider that if we truly desire to “know” –  to grow in intimate knowledge of – the Beloved of our soul we need to study and become deeply intimate with the Word to which he gave substance and added meaning. When one does, one discovers that the longer one studies, it remains just as fresh and ever-expanding and inspiring as when one first started – and, I would say, becomes even more so.

Proverbs. 3:17-18   Her ways are ways of pleasantness, and all her paths are peace. She is a tree of life to those who lay hold of her; those who hold her fast are called happy.

How I love your Torah!

Soldier with Torah

In Israel, and synagogues worldwide, once a year – on Simchat Torah – all the Torah scrolls are removed from the Ark and are lovingly passed from person to person as the congregation sing joyfully and dance seven times around the central bima. The scrolls are dressed in beautifully embroidered robes, and crowned with ornately designed gold or silver crowns – they truly represent the living Word who became flesh and for whom we all longingly wait…who will return as the King of kings and establish the Kingdom of God from Jerusalem to the ends of the earth.

To conclude, an open-ended question:  If one understands that Yeshua is the Living Torah, the Word of God in the flesh, how does this affect one’s attitude and approach to the Torah?

~Keren Hannah 


TEFILLIN / Phylacteries


Anyone who does not know the meaning of these ritual items and has seen an observant Jew wearing tefillin when he prays – a small black box strapped to his forehead and shiny black leather straps wound around his arm – might well be perplexed as to what on earth they are.


In an article published on the Shorashim Shop website –  site of the well known and happily frequented shop off the Hurvah Square in the Jewish Quarter of the Old City in Jerusalem, run by brothers Dov and Moshe Kempinski – Rabbi Chanan Morrison  [Gold from the Land of Israel ]* offers a meaningful description of tefillin and makes an interesting connection with the Exodus from Egypt.


The Torah commands us to commemorate the Exodus from Egypt by wearing tefillin (phylacteries) on the arm and head. “These words will be for a sign on your arm and a reminder between your eyes, so that God’s Torah will be in your mouth; for God brought you out of Egypt with a strong arm.” (Ex. 13:9)

What is the connection between tefillin and the Exodus? How does wearing tefillin ensure that the Torah will be ‘in our mouths’? 


An Outstretched Arm

Superficially, the redemption from Egypt was a one-time historical event, forging a potent memory in the collective consciousness of the Jewish people and all of humanity. But if we listen carefully to our inner soul [our spirit], we will recognize that the Exodus is truly a continuous, ongoing act. The Divine miracles and signs that took place in Egypt launched the continual revelation of the hand of God, openly and publicly, on the stage of world history.

Before wrapping tefillin on the arm, we reflect that this mitzvah commemorates God’s “zero’a netuya,” His “outstretched arm” with which the Israelites were extracted from Egypt. What does this metaphor mean? The word ‘arm’ (zero’a) comes from the root zera, meaning ‘seed.’ The Divine redemption of Israel in Egypt was a holy seed, planted at that point in time. That wondrous event initiated the dissemination of its message, unhindered and uninterrupted, over the generations. As we bind the tefillin to our arms, we are reminded of God’s “outstretched arm,” …that continually develops and perfects the world, until it elevates its treasures of life to the pinnacle of Divine fulfillment.

A Strong Arm

The Torah uses a second metaphor to describe the Exodus – the “yad chazakah,” God’s “strong arm.” This phrase indicates a second, deeper connection between the mitzvah of tefillin and the Exodus. The liberation from Egyptian bondage served to combat the debasement of life, which threatened to drown humanity in the depths of its crassness and vulgarity. Since the materialistic side of life is so compelling, it was necessary for God to reveal a “strong arm” to overcome man’s base nature, and allow the light of our inner holiness to shine from within.  The holy act of fastening the tefillin to the arm and head helps us transform the coarse and profane aspects of life into godly strength and vitality,revealing an inner life beautiful in its holiness. To triumph over humanity’s coarseness, then at its peak in the contaminated culture of Egypt, required God’s “strong arm.”

A Strong Mind

Tefillin Box


We similarly need to make a strong effort so that the Torah will remain in our minds and hearts. Tefillin are called a ‘sign’ and a ‘reminder,’ for they evoke the wondrous signs and powerful miracles of our release from Egyptian slavery. We must engrave the legacy of those miracles on all aspects of life: deed, emotion, and thought.

Thus we bind these memories to our hand, heart, and mind, and transform our coarse nature to a holy one. Then the Torah will naturally be “in your mouth,” in the thoughts and reflections of the heart. Through this powerful mitzvah, engaging both the arm (our actions) and the eye (our outlook and thoughts), we continue the Divine process that God initiated in Egypt with a “strong arm.”

~Keren Hannah Pryor

* Gold from the Land of Israel, pp. 118-120. Compiled and inspired by Olat Re’iyah, the writings of Rav Avraham Yitzchak HaCohen Kook, well loved first Chief Rabbi of pre-state Eretz Yisrael.